1. Fare structure
The rules for setting coherent public transit fares. Most often, these rules include service characteristics, particularly distances travelled or zones crossed, the mode of public transit used, speed, time of day and ability to make transfers, in addition to the socioeconomic categories of riders (e.g. seniors, students and children).
2. Fare products
The wide range of tickets and packages established within the structure that are offered to riders upon purchase (e.g. cash and single-ride tickets, multi-trip tickets as well as day, weekly, monthly and yearly passes).
The prices associated with each transit fare or package. They can be modified or indexed.
4. Technology solutions and pricing practices
Technology solutions refers to the technological tools public transit riders use for fares (e.g. OPUS card or disposable card). Pricing practices refer to the policies and rules on purchasing, validating, and checking transit fares.